Increasing the efficiency of diagnostics of periodontal tissue diseases with modern research method

Cover Page

Cite item

Abstract

  • Nowadays periodontal tissue diseases remain the leading dental pathology. Healthy periodontium is revealed only in 12% of people, while the rest have lesions of varying severity: from initial inflammatory to severe destructive changes with loss of teeth. Severe periodontitis, leading to the loss of teeth, is found in 5-15% of cases. To diagnose and prescribe treatment, laboratory assessment of the content of the gingival groove and / or periodontal pocket was studied. We assessed the titer of the aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms in the samples, the greatr amount was in a clinically significant titer. Although there are various instruments for taking the contents of the gingival groove and / or periodontal pocket, they have a number of drawbacks which complicate the culturing of the material and distort the findings. Taking into account the advantages and disadvantages of the existing instruments, we have developed the instrument for collecting the content of the gingival groove.

About the authors

Anastasia V. Vinnik

Samara State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: a.v.vinnik@samsmu.ru

Assistant of the Department of Therapeutic Dentistry

Russian Federation, Samara

Mikhail A. Postnikov

Samara State Medical University

Email: m.a.postnikov@samsmu.ru

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Therapeutic Dentistry

Russian Federation, Samara

Artem V. Lyamin

Samara State Medical University

Email: avlyamin@rambler.ru

Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of General and Clinical Microbiology, Immunology and Alergology

Russian Federation, Samara

Tatyana M. Tkach

Samara State Medical University

Email: t.m.tkach@samsmu.ru

Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Therapeutic Dentistry

Russian Federation, Samara

Sergey V. Vinnik

Samara State Medical University

Email: s.v.vinnik@samsmu.ru

Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry

Russian Federation, Samara

References

  1. Dzampaeva ZhV. Etiology and pathogenesis features of inflammatory periodontal diseases. Kuban Scientific Medical Bulletin. 2017;24(5):103–110. (In Russ.) doi: 10.25207/1608-6228-2017-24-5-103-110
  2. Knyazeva EB, Turkutyukov VB. Epidemiology and etiology of parodontal inflammatory diseases at railway workers. Pacific Medical Journal. 2014;(3(57)):29–31. (In Russ.)
  3. Yanushevich OO, Kuzmina EM, Kuzmina IN, et al. Oral diseases prevalence among russian population. Periodontal diseases and oral mucosa lesions. Moscow; 2009. (In Russ.)
  4. Lyubomirsij GB, Redinova TL. Physiotherapy delivery systems-clinical and microbiological effectiveness in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. Parodontologiya. 2020;25(2):152–156. (In Russ.) doi: 10.33925/1683-3759-2020-25-2-152-156
  5. Sadykov MI, Trunin DA, Nesterov AM, Chistyakova MS. Immunological and microbiological status of the oral cavity in elderly patients using removable laminar dentures. Nauka i innovacii v medicine. 2016;(2(2)):50–54. (In Russ.)
  6. Svetlakova EN, Semenczova EA, Polushina LG, et al. On the issue of diagnosis of periodontal disease: current capabilities and clinical needs. The Journal of Scientific Articles Health and Education Millennium. 2017;19(3):34–37. (In Russ.)
  7. Marsh PD, Percival RS. The oral microflora – Friend of foe? Can we decide. Int Dent J. 2006;56(4 Suppl 1): 233–239. doi: 10.1111/j.1875-595x.2006.tb00107.x

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
Action
1. Fig. 1. Instrument for the collecting of the gingival groove content

Download (54KB)
2. Fig. 2. The titer of anaerobic microorganisms

Download (109KB)
3. Fig. 3. The titer of aerobic microorganisms

Download (93KB)

Copyright (c) 2021 Vinnik A.V., Postnikov M.A., Lyamin A.V., Tkach T.M., Vinnik S.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies